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武术传承为何要举行繁琐的拜师仪式

       习主席说过,少年强则中国强,如何强大,说的不只是要学习更多知识,也要提高身体素质加强体育锻炼,中华武术,一个神秘又具有历史意义的体育运动项目,这个项目在中国历史上可以说是不可不提的一个重要文化遗产。

武术名家何伟先生习武照:


        中华武术,源远流长,博大精深,千百年来,师徒相授一直是武术最主要的传承形式,因此,武术界尤其是传统武术界,特别强调师徒名分,讲究尊师礼节,注重拜师礼仪,通常只有通过拜师入门,才能被视为老师真正的学生,拜过师的学生一般称为“入室弟子”,没有拜师的学生则只能称为“记名弟子”。所以,不论是老师,还是学生,都把拜师仪式看作是一件非常隆重和严肃的事情。

武术名家何伟先生与众弟子:


       师者,传道授业解惑也,拜师是学习传统技艺的头等大事。但拜师仪式有哪些重要意义呢?

一是一脉相承的精神需要。香烟飘渺,法界蒙熏,面对列祖列宗神像、牌位,庄严静穆,心交神合,滴水汇海,承前启后,一脉相承。
二是传承“真功夫”的亲情需要。一日为师,终身如父,师徒关系犹如父子关系,师视徒弟如己出,爱之切切,授之殷殷,唯有对弟子负责之心,才会有不厌其烦因材施教、毫无保密尽心传授之劳,将原来父子相传的技术传给徒弟。而弟子的言谈举止、行为表现、水平展示、社会的口碑等各个方面,也关系着师门的荣辱。这也是一种责任。
三是明确师徒关系的公证需要。拜师仪式上,引荐师、见证人、乡绅名流、武林界同仁、同门师兄弟汇聚一堂,共同见证拜师盛况,也是公开公证师徒关系,免得日后纠纷。

四是学习“真本事”的心态需要。男儿膝下有黄金,只跪天地、父母、师长,如果没有学艺的精诚、迫切之心,谁也不会轻易给他人行跪拜之礼。这是表明决心,大道如水,水性趋下,跪拜行礼,以较低的姿态,更容易接受师长的给予。

武术名家何伟先生与众弟子:


       师与徒本是毫无相关的人,通过“武”把彼此的命运紧紧绑在了一起,从茫茫人海中的素不相识,到习武修行路上的同舟共济,这就是习武之路,一个相互的路程,其终极目标,是永恒传承。
 




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